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Engineering Services Examination (ESE/IES)

Engineering services examination entails quite prestigious environment which attracts engineering students. Union Public Service Commission conducts Engineering Services Examination with the objective of recruiting proficient engineers from various sectors such as- Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering and so on. This is a glaring fact that UPCS recruits employees from this exam for several technical and managerial posts. Engineering services examination comprises written examination which occurs twice and interview. To crack this exam becomes quite difficult as lakhs of students apply to get selected in this exam whereas vacancies always remain few. Few vacancies and lakhs candidates make this exam difficult to crack and increase the competition level to the fullest. In spite of this fact, the status, pride and optimal growth in career allures students towards this examination. Students who have passion in working in technical and managerial field should apply for this exam. UPSC offers candidates various technical and managerial posts after final selection in several ministries and organizations which belong to central government of India such as-

    1. Indian Railways
    2. Ordinance Factory
    3. Telecom Companies
    4. Central Warehouse Corporation
    5. Central Public Works Department
    6. National Highways Authority of India
    7. Many other government organizations, agencies and departments

Candidates get Group-A post and rank in all above organization.

How to prepare for ESE?

The first and foremost thing about the preparation of Engineering Services Exam that a comprehensive plan should be build up for the preparation of this exam.
As the written exam of ESE comprises objective as well as descriptive questions so study plan should be made on the basis of that so that optimum outcome may come out.
A sound theoretical base should be built for conventional/descriptive written exam as theories and concepts have been asked in the exam. Experts advise that students should focus more on concepts and conceptual knowledge as the level of written exam of ESE is high in comparison to Gate exam.
The preparation of ESE demands to be well versed with engineering theories, derivations, conceptual explanations and diagrams. A regular practice can make students perfect in all above mentioned areas.
Students should take help of their teachers, seniors and toppers in selecting the reference books for learning and making notes of theory, concepts and derivation related to their exam.
For acquiring good marks in objective exam, the primary focus should be on understanding the question pattern of general ability and aptitude section. This paper can be a game changer for the students to want to get selected in ESE.
To know the exam pattern and question-type in ESE, it is quite substantial to go through the previous years of papers of ESE. A regular and continuous practice should be done on the basis of previous years of papers.
It is always been suggested to the candidates who want to crack ESE exam that they should join mock tests as mock tests are helpful as well as it gives a sharp edge to the preparation of any exam. So this step should not be skipped.
Reading newspapers can also be helpful in maintaining and sharpening general ability as questions from this section are asked in prelims exam of ESE.
Candidates are required to be updated with current affairs and general awareness questions for creating a good impression in the interview. Subscription of any current affairs magazine or visiting to any educational websites which provide current affairs will be an optimal step. This step will be proved beneficial in written exam as well as in the interview.
Never lose your patience as this exam is considered one of the toughest exams so this exam may test your patience level many times.
Maintaining short notes will be a quite affirmative step in the preparation of this exam. Students are advised to make short and micro notes so that revision at last time would be possible and easy. Detail-oriented notes can also be maintained for difficult and few topics.
Students should give a proper place to the revision in their time table. Revision policy should be made for the daily basis.
Many toppers have revealed their secret of success in descriptive written exam and advised future candidates that they should do lots of practice of answer writing so that they can maintain good speed along with quality content while writing answers.
Candidates should visit the website of UPSC for being updated with the news related to ESE
(I) Nationality:

A candidate must be either:

(a) A citizen of India or
(b) A subject of Nepal or A subject of Bhutan or
(c) A Tibetan refugee who came over to Indian before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India or
(d) A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
(II) Age Limits: A candidate for this examination must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on the 1st January, of the exam year.
The upper age-limit of 30 years will be relaxable up to 35 years in the case of Government servants of the following categories, if they are employed in a Department/Office under the control of any of the authorities mentioned in column 1 below and apply for admission to the examination for all or any of the Service(s)/Posts mentioned in column 2, for which they are otherwise eligible.

The upper age-limit prescribed above will be further relaxable:
Up to a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a scheduled caste or a scheduled tribe
Up to a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to OBC category.
Up to a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the state of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.
Up to a maximum of three years in the case of defence service personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area, and released as a consequence thereof.
Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st January, and have been released
i. on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st January) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or
ii. on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service or
iii. on invalidment;
Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Services as on 1st January, and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.
Upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons
Minimum Educational Qualifications: Obtained a degree in Engineering from a university incorporated by an act of the central or state legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as universities under section-3 of the university grants commission act, 1956 or
Passed Section A and B of the Institution Examinations of the Institution of Engineers (India) or
Obtained a degree/diploma in Engineering from such foreign University/College/Institution and under such conditions as may be recognised by the Government for the purpose from time to time or
Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (India) or
Passed Associate Membership Examination Parts II and III/Sections A and B of the Aeronautical Society of India or
Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers, London held after November 1959

Provided that a candidate for the post of Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts and Engineer Group 'A' in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organization) may possess any of the above qualifications or the qualification mentioned below namely: M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a special subject.

“The journey towards success starts with a sound planning followed by proper execution.”


Considering the fact that ESE ranks in one of most toughest exam, students always ask that what should be preparation strategy of ESE so that good rank can be achieved here. Consistency blended with sincerity will positively make students reach to their journey. Candidates always ask for the right strategy for the ESE, it can be suggested that they should make their strategy according to their level. Here I have categorised aspirants of ESE into two categories according – The first category is known as “New Entrant” where the aspirants have just started their journey for the preparation of ESE and second category is known as “Experienced” where the aspirants have given one or more exam of ESE.


(I) Preparation Strategy for New Entrants:

New Entrants have to follow all these suggested points with firm dedication and commitment-


- They should develop a vision board defining their goal of life. They have to make it clear and more specific that why they want to be get selected in ESE. The clarified and specified goal will determine their path of preparation for ESE.
- New Entrants should focus on collecting previous years question papers of ESE and making a plan for study which should cover each topic asked in exam.
- New Entrants should a practical and working revision policy covering all topics from the syllabus.
1. A Complete Annual Plan
A long term plan will always be beneficial for the new entrants. This annual plan should be detailed-oriented, goal-oriented and should be reviewed after each month. To this annual plan of study more productive, it is substantial that this plan should be based on several objectives.

2. A Study Plan of Topic-Wise After making a detailed annual plan, new entrants should focus on constructing a monthly study plan covering each topic from the syllabus. This study plan should be reasonable and achievable so that candidates should not get bored or diverted from the study. The targets of this study plan should be achieved on month basis. These types of study plan always pave the path of future planning or study.
3. A Study Plan for the Daily Basis-
New entrants should feel everyday motivated towards their goal of achieving success in ESE, for this it is quite essential that their daily planner should be ready with the specific chapters to be read and revised. This daily based study plan will make their preparation more productive.

4. Construct a Fecund Revision Policy-
The research says that whatever we learn in one day, almost of its 80% we tend to forget at next day so for the aspirants of ESE, its essential that they should make a fecund and productive revision policy. A rigours revision of notes is required here to obtain maximum success in the exam.

5. Learn to Maintain Micro Notes-
Maintaining micro notes of each topic can avoid hustle-bustle at that time of exam. This habit is always considered a productive and result-oriented habit. Keeping micro notes with you will always ensure a quick and deep revision of any topic before the exam. 6. Assess yourself:
Planning is necessary but evaluating your planning is substantial. A plan cannot go highly-yielding without its assessment. A rigours assessment of achievement in the study is necessary so that future path can be constructed on the basis of previous achievement or failure. This step will allow you to make required changes in your study plan

(II) Strategy for Experienced

- A self-assessment is required here to know about the past mistakes. Candidates should take a while to think that where they are lacking in and what should be done further.
- Experienced aspirants have to keep themselves motivated for the exam. They should re-think their goal and vision.
- The most important step should be joining a series of mock-test for the experienced candidates. It will help them in assessing their preparation.
- They should work on their speed and accuracy of attempting questions and giving answers. This can be only achieved by giving regular mock-test of the exams.
-Things to be kept in mind during preparation:
-Candidates should develop a time-management policy to be followed in the examination hall. It should be decided on the priority basis that how much time they will give to a particular section or question. This step will ensure good outcome in the exam.
- Revising micro notes just before the exam should not be skipped.
- Study of newspapers and current affairs magazines are highly recommended during the preparation.
-Strategy to be followed during the Exam:
-This is a glaring fact that candidates should start solving/attempting question papers from the easiest section as it will stimulate their morale as well as save their time.
- Taking a quick glance at the answers at last moment is suggested to avoid unattempting any question.
- Taking a quick glance at the answers at last moment is suggested to avoid unattempting any question.
-Strategy to be followed In Objective Papers:
- The first and foremost thing is being suggested for the preparation of objective papers that maintaining a good speed with accuracy. Objective papers play a crucial role in the selection of candidates. Considering this fact a strong foundation should be built for the further study.
- Attempting more and more mock-tests can really sharp your time-management power and speed.
-Strategy to be followed in Conventional/Descriptive Papers:
- A detailed study plan is required to achieve optimum outcome in descriptive papers as it can only make candidate should write more and informative.
- Preparation of charts, diagrams and flow charts are essential as they add four feathers to the answers.
- Candidates should a rigours practice of answer writing before appearing in the descriptive exam as this step will enhance their speed of writing.
- Candidates should focus on making their answer relevant and to the topic. They should avoid adding unnecessary facts or data.
- An error-free language is quite substantial part of writing answers in The ESE. Candidates should take this thing in mind while writing answers for conventional papers.